The main cause for untimely skin-aging is exposure to sun which creates so-called photodamage. UV and UVA rays decompose collagen and elastic fibres in skin by preventing the production of new collagen, damaging cell DNA, producing free radicals and abnormal ties between molecules. This generates wrinkles, change in color, uneven skin texture and, in worst cases, even cancer!
Melasma (brown spots) occurs in 90% of women at the age of 20 – 40 and only 10% of men. Most often brown spots occur in 50-70% of pregnant women and 5-34% of women during taking birth control pills.
Freckles occur due to genetic predisposition and primarily among people with light skin and/or blond or red hair. UV rays make freckles more apparent especially during summer.
Spider angioma is characterized by slightly higher red bump which is at the centre of little branching capillary blood vessels resembling a spider. By pressing on the breakout the redness disappears temporarily. When the pressure decreases the redness appears again. Spider angioma occurs in many women during pregnancy and during taking birth control pills.
Rosacea is a fairly common skin disease among adults. Over 45 million people suffer from it in the world. According to the European research rosacea occurs in about 10% of population. The disease usually onsets at the age of 30-40 and the extent increases at the age of 40-50. Light-skinned blond and blue-eyed women get the disease more often and men generally suffer from more serious forms. Redness of nose and cheeks can be reduced by removing little superficial capillary blood vessels.
Couperose is a common problem of tender and sensitive skin when a vascular network appears through skin by generating flushing and redness from time to time.
Slightly flushing facial skin.
Vascular lesions on cheeks, nose, on the sides of nose, on cleavage, etc.
Little blood vessels on nose and cheekbones.
Wrinkels are caused due to reduction of collagen (protein of skin texture) and the loss of thickness and tightness of skin. As any material collagen is also subject to aging and starts to slowly decompose in time. Skin cells (fibroblasts) are able to reproduce collagen, if necessary, but this ability decreases with age. As a result, there will be irregularities and little holes in collagen net which cause wrinkles eventually.
Fine wrinkles or so-called crow’s feet occur around, in the corners or under eyes. Skin loses elasticity and the ability to turn back tight. Aging process may cause the deceleration of bloodstreem, lymphatic circulation and metabolism, cell degeneration and stiffening of collagen fibres which can be first seen in the skin around eyes.
Wrinkles between nose and mouth or so-called nasolabial wrinkles occur with aging due to the reduction of collagen, loss of thickness and tightness of skin and facial expressions.
During time the tightness and elasticity reduces, skin becomes more loose and fragile. The production of fibroblasts in dermis decreases which causes dermis to become thinner and the production of collagen and elastin to decrease. Collagen and elastic fibres start to disorganize.
Aging is a dynamic process which causes certain changes in skin texture and the weakening of functions. Skin is not able to effectively get rid of brown spots, sun damage and dull complexion anymore. The decomposing of collagen quickens and wrinkles, vascular lesions, and other signs become apparent.
During middle and older age skin will produce lentigines or so-called senile or solar lentil-shaped spots on the areas which are chronically exposed to sun light (mostly on face and superficial parts of hands and elbows. Also called as liver spots).
Sebum production depends on the level of male hormones which starts to increase during puberty. Most of the people don’t have higher level of hormones but the sensitivity of certain types of skin is higher to it. Oily skin doesn’t necessarily produce pimples but it’s definitely a contributing factor for acne formation. Excess sebum makes acne-causing bacteria proliferate more in pores and the risk of pore clogging is higher.
Acne vulgaris is the most common type of acne which occurs in about 85-100% of people at some point in their lives. Usually it occurs during puberty and youthhood but may persist or even worsen during adulthood. Most of the patients with acne have oily skin. Acne can be light, moderate or severe. In case of comedogenic acne there are more open and closed comedones and in case of inflammatory acne there are more papulas and pustules. Cystic acne is characterized by cysts, knots and depressed scarring.
Scars which occur due to excessive stretching and tearing of collagen fibres. Other reasons may be genetic predisposition to weak connective tissue and hormone therapy. Strias occur most often during teenage years when body starts to develop and grow fast, and also during pregnancy.
If your hormones are fine and your gynaecologist and endocrinologist haven’t found any diseases in you, the excessive hairiness is a cosmetic problem. Hormonal contraceptives which change the relation of male and female hormones slightly in favor of female hormones, may also help in case of long-term administraton (6 months and longer), in addition to ELOS™ laser depilation and ELOS™ photo depilation.
Ingrown hair occurs when shaved from below the surrounding skin and when growing back they get stuck under the skin surface. As a result, this may cause painful flushing or darker unpleasant bumps and in more severe cases even scarring.
Contributing factors for folliculitis or hair follicle inflammation are aplenty: shaving, warm and moist climate, closed synthetic clothing, micro-traumas of skin, pore-clogging oils or dust. Different microorganisms as bacteria and fungi may also be the cause.